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Iraq War


Although Iraq initially was forced to war as a defensive mechanism, the war was started by the then president of Iraq Saddam in September 1980 and ended in July 1988 after the intervention of UN. The war was between two Middle Eastern countries Iraq and Iran. The war led to approximately half a million casualties and several billions of dollars in losses but no tangible gains by the other side. The war was marked by extensive use of chemical weapons, attack on third country’s oil tankers in Persian Gulf and indiscriminative missile attacks. Iran was unable to consolidate effective air forces armoured formation to be able to penetrate Iraq’s border to achieve decisive results. During the war and after it ended, already there were numerous causalities in both civilians and soldiers from the two countries; a huge sum of money was directly spent during the war time and massive destruction and damages of property worth a lot of money from both countries.

Overview of Iraq war

There were three characteristics that clearly distinguished the war from any other war. First, it was sharply asymmetrical in the ways applied by both sides, because though both countries largely purchased military imports and exported oil, Iraq had the support of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait giving it a chance to purchase more sophisticated and advanced expertise and weapons than Iran. Second, it encompassed three forms of warfare absent in all other wars since 1945, that is, massive usage of chemical weapons and war against third-country’s oil tankers in Persian Gulf. Lastly, it was unusually protracted, lasting longer than even world war. Hussein missed two main two major concepts before attacking Iran, the country was undergoing revolution and the country was very large. At some point during the war, Iraq reverted to defensive strategy rather than offensive strategy but Iran never ceased fire under the Iraq’s conditions but pushed for the removal of President Hussein and compensation for the damages and casualties that resulted from the war. Iran was demoralised due to its time to time failure of its Iraq’s invasion and loss of massive soldiers during the invasion and through the help of UN both countries settled for cease-fire.

Economic effects of Iraq war

There were adverse economic effects of the war for both countries involved and the US. In most cases, military spending diverts resources from productive uses such as investment and consumption and constantly reduces economic growth thus reducing the level of employment. There were losses worth billions of dollars in destruction during the period of war for both countries and this was a great loss for both countries.

 

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