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American Railway

One of the most fulfilling railway journeys that one can embark upon anywhere in the world is a trip from one U.S region to another, but despite the fact that America has the largest railway network in the world, it mainly encompasses freight shipments and passenger services, which once thrived to serve as an integral part, is now declined. This is as opposed to the transportation patterns adopted by many countries around the world.

The American Railway was birthed in 1829 when the state of Massachusetts embarked on a plan in order to compete favourably with state owned and privately owned steam boats that plied the enormous range of rivers. This involved utilising the civil engineering expertise of Army Corps of Engineers, who surveyed, planned and designed majority of the nation's railroads. By 1832, other railroads such as Camden and Amboy followed suit.The American Railway Union ( A.R.U) was found on June 20, 1893 in Illinois, Chicago. With Eugene V. Debs as it's leader, it quickly rose to become one of the largest labour bodies of its time.

The United States Railroad network consists of: Amtrak, BNSF Railway, Kansas City Southern Railway, Canadian Pacific Railway, Union Pacific Railroad, CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern Railway. The largest railroad network in the U.S is the Union Pacific which is a class 1 haul freight railroad whose trains ply over 23 States, while the only intercity passenger railroad is Amtrak. Most of the railroads plied by Amtrak are owned by freight railroads, which lawfully, must grant it access. Amtrak in return, pays extra costs incurred by it to freight railroads.

Compared with European Railway Services, Amtrak's passenger services are scanty. Not withstanding, America's freight railway system is universally recognised for its unrivaled successes in the industry. The socio-economic role that freight railroads play in America cannot be exaggerated, particularly in the field of conveying imports and exports and for oil and coal shipments.

The decline of American railways started when it was transformed into cargo services, dwindling passenger services. This was triggered by competition such as: air transportation, gasoline pipeline development, private automobiles, buses and trucks, which in turn, changed the the way the society perceived train rider ship.

Conclusively, there is no doubt that the American railroads will survive such difficulties, despite the fact that the public and railroads are far away from being on the mend as far as mutual trust and confidence between them is concerned.

 

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